Phuket Marine Biological Center (PMBC) was established on October 16, 1968 as a result of co-operation between the governments of Thailand and Denmark. Its objectives are to carry out research with regard to marine science and to promote training and education of students and scientists. The Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin (PMBC Research Bulletin) publishes the results of all aspects of marine research carried out in Thai and adjacent waters. The PMBC Research Bulletin is a peer-reviewed publication which is issued once a year. External referees are used in cases where submitted manuscripts are outside the research fields of editorial and advisory editorial boards.